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Project Cost Management Processes Defined in PMBOK and its Benefits

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Project cost management is a crucial aspect of project management that involves planning, estimating, budgeting, and controlling costs throughout the project lifecycle. Effective cost management is critical to the success of any project as it helps in optimizing the utilization of resources, tracking progress, and ensuring that the project stays within the allocated budget. In this blog post, we will discuss the various aspects of project cost management, including the PMBOK processes involved.

The PMBOK (Project Management Body of Knowledge) is a framework that provides guidelines for project management. It defines the processes, inputs, tools, and techniques that are necessary for successful project management.

The PMBOK identifies four main processes in project cost management. Out of these four processes, three processes i.e., plan cost management, estimate costs and determine budget belongs to the planning process group, while the fourth process, i.e., control costs, belong to monitoring & control process group.

Process Mapping of Project Cost Management Knowledge Area

Plan Cost Management

This process belongs to the planning process group. This process involves defining how the project’s costs will be estimated, budgeted, managed, and controlled. The project manager needs to develop a cost management plan that outlines the approach for cost estimation, budget development, and control measures. The cost management plan serves as a guide throughout the project lifecycle.

The Input, tools and output of this process is as follows:

Estimate Costs

This process also belongs to the planning process group. This process involves estimating the costs required to complete the project. The project manager needs to determine the resources needed to complete each project task and estimate the costs associated with each resource. This process is critical as it helps in determining the project’s budget.

The Input, tools and output of this process is as follows:

Determine Budget

This process is also a part of planning process group. This process involves aggregating the estimated costs of all the project tasks to develop the project budget. The project manager needs to consider various factors such as contingencies, reserves, and management reserves to ensure that the project stays within the allocated budget.

The Input, tools and output of this process is as follows:

Control Costs

This process belongs to the monitor & control process group. This process involves monitoring and controlling the project costs throughout the project lifecycle. The project manager needs to compare the actual costs with the planned costs and take corrective actions to keep the project on track. This process also involves updating the cost baseline and cost management plan.

The Input, tools and output of this process is as follows:

Effective project cost management involves using various tools and techniques such as Earned Value Management (EVM), variance analysis, and performance reporting. EVM is a technique that helps in measuring the project’s progress and performance by comparing the actual costs with the planned costs. It provides valuable insights into the project’s status and helps in forecasting the project’s cost and schedule performance.

Earned value is the total of budget allocated to each of the activities that have been completed at that point of time.

The earned value is compared with plan value to determine the progress of the work.

The various terms used in the earned value management are as follows:

Formulas used in earned value management and their interpretation are as follows:

Variance analysis is another technique that helps in identifying and analyzing the differences between the actual costs and the planned costs. This technique helps in identifying areas of the project that need attention and enables the project manager to take corrective actions to bring the project back on track.

Performance reporting is also an essential tool for effective cost management. It involves generating reports that provide insights into the project’s performance, including cost performance, schedule performance, and overall project performance.

Conclusion

project cost management is a critical aspect of project management that involves planning, estimating, budgeting, and controlling costs throughout the project lifecycle. The PMBOK provides a framework for effective cost management by identifying the processes and techniques required to manage project costs effectively. Effective cost management involves using various tools and techniques such as EVM, variance analysis, and performance reporting. By implementing effective cost management practices, project managers can optimize the utilization of resources, track progress, and ensure that the project stays within the allocated budget.

Also read: Project Scope Management Processes as Defined by PMBOK & Its Importance

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Rajesh Pant
Rajesh Panthttps://managemententhusiast.com
My name is Rajesh Pant. I am M. Tech. (Civil Engineering) and M. B. A. (Infrastructure Management). I have gained knowledge of contract management, procurement & project management while I handled various infrastructure projects as Executive Engineer/ Procurement & Contract Management Expert in Govt. Sector. I also have exposure of handling projects financed by multi-lateral organizations like the World Bank Projects. During my MBA studies I developed interest in management concepts.
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